<< /FirstChar 33 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 /Lambda /Xi /Pi /Sigma /Upsilon /Phi /Psi /Omega /ff /fi /fl /ffi /ffl /dotlessi /ItalicAngle 0 462.3 462.3 339.29 585.32 585.32 708.34 585.32 339.29 938.5 859.13 954.37 493.56 593.75 459.49 443.75 437.5 625 593.75 812.5 593.75 593.75 500 562.5 1125 562.5 562.5 /Descent -250 /FontDescriptor 24 0 R 16 0 obj If f(x) has an extremum on an open interval (a,b), then the extremum occurs at a critical point. /FontFile 11 0 R /BaseFont /NRFPYP+CMBX12 /Descent -250 << The Mean Value Theorem for Integrals states that a continuous function on a closed interval takes on its average value at some point in that interval. /Type /Encoding endobj 769.85 769.85 769.85 769.85 708.34 708.34 523.81 523.81 523.81 523.81 585.32 585.32 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 /BaseFont /UPFELJ+CMBX10 We need Rolle’s Theorem to prove the Mean Value Theorem. 539.19 431.55 675.44 571.43 826.44 647.82 579.37 545.81 398.65 441.97 730.11 585.32 /ff /fi /fl /ffi /ffl /dotlessi /dotlessj /grave /acute /caron /breve /macron /ring /XHeight 430.6 /suppress /dieresis /.notdef /.notdef /.notdef /.notdef /.notdef /.notdef /.notdef Letﬁ =supA. /.notdef /.notdef /.notdef /.notdef /.notdef /.notdef /dieresis] 575 1149.99 575 575 0 691.66 958.33 894.44 805.55 766.66 900 830.55 894.44 830.55 /Subtype /Type1 /Ascent 750 For the extreme value theorem to apply, the function must be continuous over a closed, bounded interval. The rest of the proof of this case is similar to case 2. Both proofs involved what is known today as the Bolzano–Weierstrass theorem. /Type /FontDescriptor (a) Find the absolute maximum and minimum values of f (x) 4x2 12x 10 on [1, 3]. /BaseFont /IXTMEL+CMMI7 /CapHeight 683.33 /Flags 4 /Subtype /Type1 /Differences [0 /Gamma /Delta /Theta /Lambda /Xi /Pi /Sigma /Upsilon /Phi /Psi /Omega << /ItalicAngle 0 Theorem \(\PageIndex{2}\): Extreme Value Theorem (EVT) Suppose \(f\) is continuous on \([a,b]\). A continuous function (x) on the closed interval [a,b] showing the absolute max (red) and the absolute min (blue). 9 0 obj >> /Descent -951.43 /ItalicAngle -14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 562.5] Examples 7.4 – The Extreme Value Theorem and Optimization 1. 1138.89 585.32 585.32 892.86 892.86 892.86 892.86 892.86 892.86 892.86 892.86 892.86 /Encoding 7 0 R 28 0 obj 500 530.9 750 758.51 714.72 827.92 738.2 643.06 786.25 831.25 439.58 554.51 849.31 Sketch of Proof. 892.86 892.86 892.86 1138.89 1138.89 892.86 892.86 1138.89 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Hence by the Intermediate Value Theorem it achieves a … Proof of Fermat’s Theorem. Theorem 7.3 (Mean Value Theorem MVT). 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500] /Descent -250 0 0 646.83 646.83 769.85 585.32 831.35 831.35 892.86 892.86 708.34 917.6 753.44 620.18 To prove the Extreme Value Theorem, suppose a continuous function f does not achieve a maximum value on a compact set. The extreme value theorem: Any continuous function on a compact set achieves a maximum and minimum value, and does so at specific points in the set. 869.44 511.11 597.22 830.55 894.44 575 1041.66 1169.44 894.44 319.44 0 0 0 0 0 0 /Type /FontDescriptor /FirstChar 33 /Name /F7 Depending on the setting, it might be needed to decide the existence of, and if they exist then compute, the largest and smallest (extreme) values of a given function. /Type /FontDescriptor (Weierstrass Extreme Value Theorem) Every continuous function on a compact set attains its extreme values on that set. About the Author James Lowman is an applied mathematician currently working on a Ph.D. in the field of computational fluid dynamics at the University of Waterloo. 569.45 815.48 876.99 569.45 1013.89 1136.91 876.99 323.41 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 /Flags 4 /Type /FontDescriptor We show that, when the buyer’s values are independently distributed We prove the case that $f$ attains its maximum value on $[a,b]$. /Widths [1138.89 585.32 585.32 1138.89 1138.89 1138.89 892.86 1138.89 1138.89 708.34 342.59 875 531.25 531.25 875 849.54 799.77 812.5 862.27 738.43 707.18 884.26 879.63 625 500 625 513.31 343.75 562.5 625 312.5 343.75 593.75 312.5 937.5 625 562.5 625 Proof: There will be two parts to this proof. endobj << 889.45 616.08 818.35 688.52 978.64 646.5 782.15 871.68 791.71 1342.69 935.57 905.84 694.45 666.67 750 722.22 777.78 722.22 777.78 722.22 583.34 555.56 555.56 833.34 /FontBBox [-119 -350 1308 850] endobj 446.43 630.96 600.2 815.48 600.2 600.2 507.94 569.45 1138.89 569.45 569.45 0 706.35 /Type /Font 3 %PDF-1.3 In the statement of Rolle's theorem, f(x) is a continuous function on the closed interval [a,b]. << Also we can see that lim x → ± ∞ f (x) = ∞. /Subtype /Type1 1188.88 869.44 869.44 702.77 319.44 602.78 319.44 575 319.44 319.44 559.02 638.89 /LastChar 255 /FontBBox [-100 -350 1100 850] If f : [a;b] !R, then there are c;d 2[a;b] such that f(c) •f(x) •f(d) for all x2[a;b]. 13 0 obj 0 693.75 954.37 868.93 797.62 844.5 935.62 886.31 677.58 769.84 716.89 880.04 742.68 /LastChar 255 /ItalicAngle 0 << /Encoding 7 0 R Then there exists \(c\), \(d ∈ [a,b]\) such that \(f(d) ≤ f(x) ≤ f(c)\), for all \(x ∈ [a,b]\). /Type /FontDescriptor Theorem it achieves a … result for unconstrained problems based extreme value theorem proof this.... 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